If you want to create a good painting, you must be very careful with the details, especially if you plan to make still life oil painting. Here I will introduce to you the techniques on how to make your painting satisfying in the end.
1. Take time to examine your object.
You must lay put your object in the right place with the correct lighting. If needed, you can make a setup box with a side hole to enable little light to pass through. You can also take photographs of the object so you can examine it clearly to ensure you have just the right lighting effect that you wish. With Still Life painting, do not rush this process.
2. Use a pencil to begin.
A smart move to do before applying oil paint is to make a fairly detailed pencil drawing. This is where you can freely adjust the measurements of the object you want to paint. You can use rulers to measure distance and size. Just remember to remove the excess lines that are not needed in the final drawing since the graphite might contaminate the oil paint.
3. Diluted Oil Paint
To create a still life painting of objects, you must first fill in the backgrounds instead of making the object first using a diluted oil paint. This is because if you do otherwise, the object might seem to float. You can use a soft-haired brush to create a film background layer. You can also use the same oil paint for the objects.
4. Undiluted Paint
After the layer using diluted oil paint, you may now use undiluted oil paint using colors that are quite similar to the diluted oil paint you have used. This is used to remove unwanted brush strokes to create a smoother effect. You can add more details to this part then. You can use a palette knife and coarse brushes if you want to create a thick paint, where necessary. You must remember not to continue with this new layer without drying the previous layer.
5. Add the final layer.
You need to build up liquidity and transparency to the painting so you must add a lot of mediums into it. It will result to subtle gradients. You can use ½-alkyd medium in combination of ½ linseed oil.
6. Final Retouch
You can add retouching glossy varnish to finish your work of art. However, remember to wait after a week of drying your painting before applying this layer. Once you apply the glossy varnish, the next one need to be applied after 6 months or so. This enables the surface quality to regain its original look.
These techniques will surely make your work of art amazing in the end. You just have to follow it carefully. When you get practice with the different techniques, you can expect to have great results. When you have it, you will grow more as an artist.